Mitochondrial DNA paints a different picture for the origins of the alpaca.mt DNA research shows that alpacas are descendants of the Vicugna vicugna, not of the Lama guanicoe.These items include blankets, sweaters, hats, gloves, scarves, a wide variety of textiles and ponchos in South America, and sweaters, socks, coats and bedding in other parts of the world.The fiber comes in more than 52 natural colors as classified in Peru, 12 as classified in Australia and 16 as classified in the United States.30 million years after the Family first came to be it diverged into Camelini and Lamini, the tribes took different migratory patterns to cross into what we now know as Asia and into South America respectively.Although the Camelids became extinct in North America around 3 million years ago their cousins in the South flourished into the tribes we see today.Of the various camelid species, the alpaca and vicuña are the most valuable fiber-bearing animals: the alpaca because of the quality and quantity of its fiber, and the vicuña because of the softness, fineness and quality of its coat. Instead, they are bred exclusively for their fiber and meat.Alpaca meat was once considered a delicacy by Andean inhabitants.
Instead of taking into account a stud book or registry, alpacas are classified by their fibers.
In the textile industry, "alpaca" primarily refers to the hair of Peruvian alpacas, but more broadly it refers to a style of fabric originally made from alpaca hair, but now often made from similar fibers, such as mohair, Icelandic sheep wool, or even high-quality wool.
In trade, distinctions are made between alpacas and the several styles of mohair and luster.
The Huacaya alpaca is thought to have originated in post-colonial Peru.
This is due to their thicker fleece which makes them more suited to survive in the higher altitudes of the Andes after being pushed into the highlands of Peru when conquistadors began taking over.